Archive for March 2012

37 WEEKS TO 12/21/12: NEW POLITICAL-MILITARY TIMELINE UNVEILS

March 31, 2012

37 WEEKS TO 12/21/12: NEW POLITICAL-MILITARY TIMELINE UNVEILS

Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Ra
31 March 2012

Gracious day from this White Robe / Adept of the Brotherhood of Light!

For this heraldry, I will focus on the rapidly changing politico-military context. We are experiencing the quickening of the Age, so you Ascension enthusiasts better retool and rethink your life directions most urgently. You just have 37 weeks + 6 days to roller coaster to New Earth.

As far as the global elites of Luciferan ignominy are concerned, their strategic reinforcement of mind control which sustains their governance of politico-economic structures is eroding fast. Their planned total destruction of economic and political structures is back-firing, their Armageddon agenda getting stalled along the way. The quickening of the old world is fast unveiling a new timeline, thus giving the resonant signal to the Lizard Illuminates to stand down or perish.

At this juncture, the Celestial Forces are well prepared to engage Armageddon maniacs in case they proceed with their insidious evil plot to annihilate mankind through nuclear thermidore. Legions of warrior angels—Whitefire Angels, Blue Lightning Angels, and a new class of angel warriors —are massed up for the purpose, and are ready for the stickiest and toughest contingencies.

New Celestial firepower heretofore unknown will be unleashed upon the power maniacs if they persist on pushing through with their Demonically forged destructive agenda. God is directly intervening in the affairs of Earth since 1974, and He will take Earth by force as pronounced through the Master-Adept JJ Hurtak in the 70s yet, so the Celestial firepower was upgraded with the imprimatur of the Father to save the elect of humanity and prepare them in the New Earth for enseeding the coming 6th root race.

As the balance of power shifts even more skewed towards the Light, the installation of Lord Kolki as World Leader is now being prepared in Shamballah. Furthermore, the provisional Guardianship Council—comprising of Ascended Masters (some came from the White Robes on Terra’s surface)—which has been in operation since 2008 yet, is being prepared for a full mandate as administrative Aides of the World Leader.

Gatekeeper Councils, one for each region (region = 2-4 nations), have been in operation across the etheric ‘belt’ of the planet since 2009 yet. They are now well oiled, mature as institutional formations, aid in balancing energies across the globe, and are well prepared for a global consensus body mandate akin to a global parliament for the New Earth. [E. Argonza, “Gatekeeperships: Prelude to Planetary State,” http://erlefraynebrightworld.wordpress.com/2010/11/15/gatekeeperships-prelude-to-planetary-state/.%5D

Lastly, the Gatekeepership for each of Terra’s major energy spots or centers is now being constituted. Congruous with the physical body’s major chakras, there are 70 major energy spots across the globe, 7 of which serve as the planet’s 7 Major Chakras. Once in full operation, the said spots will ensure protocols for their beneficial usage be implemented, thus preventing their illicit utilization by Fallen Aliens for beaconing, energy utilization of spaceships, and intentional distortion of the planet’s energy grids.

4th Dimensional bases of the Galactic Confederation’s sector command (to which Solarians respectively report to) were already formed beginning in 2009 yet. That was made possible by the re-opening of the stargate portal to the galaxy, a gargantuan mission that enabled the passage of Galactic Command or GC motherships and subsidiary vessels (see E. Argonza, “Stargate Portal is Awakening! It’s Above Palawan!”
http://erlefraynebrightworld.wordpress.com/2010/07/).

I need not further belabor the reportage about arrest & incarceration of Evil Masters (of which there was once a mighty 1-Million force of evil hierarchs, that’s now down to 2/3 its size). I was given permission to access the information about their state just this month: strapped all over w/ mineral/metallic thought neutralizers on their heads, they are dying as dead carcass due to the absence of Light that they used to suck from out of their human victims. Many have disintegrated, and the rest will go that way too.

With a diminutive hierarchy to support them, and cut off from their Empire ramparts (the Draconian invasion force in late 90s-2002 was wiped out by the GC sector forces), the global Luciferan elites have no better recourse than to stand down. Their old antics of massive payolas on espionage, disinformation and sabotage networks sent out to derail the Lightworkers’ sanguine works, are conking out fast, even as their spies are now rapidly catching the scare sickness. The said dirty operators are among the list of Evil Ones scheduled for arrest and incarceration, while the Celestial firepower is also directed on their entire networks as live targets at this juncture.

The true humans of Terra hereby dedicate to The Evil Lizards the famed Bob Dylan song KNOCKING ON HEAVEN’S DOOR: “Mama put my guns on the ground/I can’t shoot them anymore/That lone black cloud is coming down/Feels like I’m knocking on heaven’s door.”

The Evil Ones on Terra’s surface are indeed aching now to knock on hyperspace ‘heaven’ doors in order to escape the karmic justice enforcement on their ranks. Sadly, there will be no escape for the evil cabals. It is their destiny of Gotterdamerung (twilight of the gods) now shaped up.

——————–End——————————————-

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MARINE BIOPROSPECTING FOR ASIA-PACIFIC

March 29, 2012

MARINE BIOPROSPECTING FOR ASIA-PACIFIC
Erle Frayne D. Argonza

Seaweeds, sponges, and sea urchins are species that abound in the Philippines and elsewhere in Asia. Add corals and more, and you’d have a long list of marine species that can serve medical and related purposes.

Biotech has reached maturity in Asia, and its applications had revolutionized crop production and forestry production. Biotech likewise has applications for marine products which, through bioprospecting and acceptable bio-mining methods, can truly be eco-sustaining at the same time as they benefit the larger human population.

This early, however, problems are already being encountered in unregulated prospecting and mining of biological species. Coupling bioprospecting in the Asia-Pacific should be policy frameworks and enforcement across the region, which the likes of the ASEAN can lead in institutionalization. Otherwise, the continent might lose too many of its rare species to greedy pirates from the Big Business, pirates that have silently been collecting, culturing, and patenting the same rare species.

Below is a fitting report about the subject.

[Philippines, 25 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/agriculture-and-environment/bioprospecting/news/asia-pacific-may-benefit-from-marine-bio-prospecting.html
Asia-Pacific may benefit from marine bio-prospecting
Ruci Mafi Botei
2 March 2012
Miguel Costa Leal
[FIJI] Indo-Pacific nations stand to make millions of dollars from medical applications of resources from marine invertebrates such as sponges and soft corals, researchers say.
But they warn that better regulation of such resources is needed to ensure they are used sustainably.
Substances generated by some marine invertebrates have the potential to be used in drugs to treat diseases like cancer, and exploration for these resources is expected to rise in response to escalating demands for such drugs, said Miguel Costa Leal, biologist at the University of Aveiro in Portugal and lead author of a study in PLoS One (20 January).
“The global market for marine-derived drugs was around US$4.8 billion in 2011 and is forecast to reach US$8.6 billion by 2016,” he told SciDev.Net.
“Worldwide, nations are generally aware of such interest. But adequate management guidelines addressing bioprospecting are still missing in most countries.”
The study said that the Pacific Ocean accounts for most new marine natural products discovered over the past two decades – and for nearly two-thirds of all such products identified so far.
Leal said there is clear potential for marine invertebrates to contribute to the development of drugs that address a range of diseases such as cancers, microbial infections, inflammation, malaria and tuberculosis.
But he called for better regulations to govern bio-prospectors and marine systems, to ensure such resources are adequately protected.
A keen debate on the governance of marine resources is expected at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in Brazil in June, where oceans are a key theme.
The draft negotiating document for Rio+20 stresses the importance of “equitable sharing of marine and ocean resources” and calls for an urgent start on negotiating an agreement under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea “that would address the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction”.
In the Pacific, there are also calls for wealth from marine resources to be shared with indigenous communities.
“The chemical resources of the marine environment remain underdeveloped, in particular in the vast Pacific region,” said Eric Clua, co-ordinator of the Coral Reef Initiatives for the Pacific at the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
“Indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge of plants and their medicinal uses has long been a source for modern medicine,” Clua said, adding that they have “often seen little or no benefit from the commercialisation of medicines originating from their traditional knowledge”.
Link to full study in PLoS ONE [925kB]
Link to SciDev.Net’s Spotlight on Ocean science for sustainable development

RE-ENGINEERING NIPPLE DEVICE TO AVOID INFANT HIV

March 28, 2012

RE-ENGINEERING NIPPLE DEVICE TO AVOID INFANT HIV

Erle Frayne D. Argonza

Breastfeeding by a healthy mother can yield enormous health and adaptability benefits for the fragile infant. However, an AIDS infected mother is a different story altogether, in that breastfeeding brings HIV harm directly to the infant.

Researchers are therefore challenged to innovate on a nipple device that can cut the infant infection by the mother’s HIV/AIDS condition. Time seems running out on the project, as 400,000 babies are infected with HIV across the planet every year.

A very interesting news about the subject is shown below.

[Philippines, 17 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/health/news/nipple-device-could-deliver-drugs-to-babies.html
Nipple device could deliver drugs to babies
Karen McColl
27 February 2012
A simple nipple shield could help breastfeeding mothers cut the risk of HIV infection from breast milk, say researchers.
Nipple shields are often used by mothers who have difficulty breastfeeding, and a modified version of the shield has been developed by a team of young engineers with a view to reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission.
The tip contains a removable insert, which can be impregnated with a microbicide designed to inactivate the HIV virus. The drug would be flushed out by breast milk as the baby feeds.
More recently, the team has been exploring whether a similar device could deliver antiretroviral drugs to breastfeeding babies, in light of changing advice from the WHO. The WHO now recommends that babies born to HIV-positive mothers be breastfed and simultaneously receive antiretroviral drugs, unless conditions are safe for formula feeding.
Globally, about 400,000 children a year are infected with HIV, nearly all acquiring the virus from their mothers. The risk of transmission is significantly increased by breastfeeding.
The only way to eliminate this risk is not to breastfeed, but formula feeding is often unsafe, expensive and impractical, especially in developing countries, where formula-fed babies face a higher risk of malnutrition, diarrhoea and other infections. This is particularly the case in Sub-Saharan Africa, where more than 90 per cent of mothers infected with HIV live.
A project to develop the modified shield, called JustMilk, was launched at the International Development Design Summit in 2008. The researchers say it may also be possible to produce inserts containing other medications or nutritional supplements.
The project has attracted much attention, including a US$100,000 Grand Challenges Exploration research grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2009.
But Stephen Gerrard, a JustMilk researcher at the University of Cambridge in United Kingdom said more research is needed.
“We have to prove without a doubt that if this device is used by a mother, the volume of milk consumed does not change,” he said.
Gerrard told SciDev.Net that trials to test this principle are expected to take place within the next year.
“I’m optimistic that we can do good with this device once we are sure that it does not impede breastfeeding and would not create any stigma,” he added.
Andrew Tomkins, at the Institute of Child Health in London, said: “The potential problem with a nipple shield device will be making sure that the dose is adequate for the baby.”

ASIA’S 2ND GREEN REVOLUTION, WHAT’S YOUR TAKE?

March 26, 2012

ASIA’S 2ND GREEN REVOLUTION, WHAT’S YOUR TAKE?
Erle Frayne D. Argonza

Crispin Maslog from the Philippines has been advocating for a 2nd Green Revolution for Asia. I wonder what fellow development stakeholders think about this afterthought.

The Green Revolution was waged beginning in the 1960s, with no less than Philippine technocrats and industry players praising the UN-led initiative to high praises. The International Rice Research Institute was founded in Laguna, Philippines in 1964, and the rice science maturation is history.

Couples of decades later, could we ever say that the explosion in agricultural production which the term ‘green revolution’ ever redeem the shirtless folks from hunger? That wave of agricultural explosion immensely damaged the top soil of many developing countries, damage that is almost irreversible at this juncture. There was hardly any discernable association of the ‘green’ in that crop revolution to ecological balance that the term connotes today.

So what’s your take about this 2nd Green Revolution for the world’s most populous continent?

[Philippines, 15 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/agriculture-and-environment/opinions/asia-pacific-analysis-launching-a-second-green-revolution-1.html
Asia–Pacific Analysis: Launching a second Green Revolution
Crispin Maslog
23 February 2012
Feeding South-East Asia’s rapidly growing population requires a second Green Revolution, says Crispin Maslog.
The Day of Seven Billion was proclaimed by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on 31 October 2011 as a historic milestone — the day the world’s population reached seven billion people. And the world is on a steep growth curve for the rest of this century.
More than half (3.8 billion) of the population are Asians. Although South-East Asia comprises only 0.6 billion, it is growing fast — by almost 200 per cent between 1950 and 2000 — and is set to grow by another 50 per cent by 2050. [1]
One of the most critical challenges facing a world with a population of seven billion is how to feed the roughly three billion people living below the poverty line in the slums of developing countries.
A ‘perfect storm’
Scientists have warned that in the next 50 years, the world will consume twice as much food as it has since the beginning of agriculture 10,000 years ago. [2] This is a startling statistic.
But thinking beyond food security to other crises facing the planet, the prospects look even more daunting. Asian agricultural scientist William D. Dar, director-general of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), spoke last month of a coming “perfect storm”. [3]
This will be triggered by food shortages resulting from the population explosion, and aggravated by a combination of climate change (leading to warming temperatures and weather extremes including droughts and floods), land degradation, loss of biodiversity and increasing demand for energy.
To meet the challenge of feeding the half-billion or so poor people in South-East Asia and the Pacific, Dar and other agricultural scientists, including International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) director-general Robert Zeigler, have called for a second Green Revolution.
The first Green Revolution, led in Asia by IRRI in the 1960s and 1970s, prevented a predicted famine. Much of its success was due to the technological development of crops, such as semi-dwarf rice variety IR8, also known as the ‘miracle rice’ that produced 10 times the yield of traditional rice.
But despite its success, the Green Revolution had its share of critics. There were mistakes and side effects. Lessons must be learned if the countries of South-East Asia and the Pacific are to benefit from a second Green Revolution.
A greener revolution
The Green Revolution was criticised for focusing on a few high-yielding varieties that depend on irrigation, chemical fertilisers and pesticides. These practices harmed the environment and affected both agricultural and wild biodiversity.
It also meant that farmers began to rely on just a few crop species. In India, for example, there were about 30,000 rice varieties before the Green Revolution. Today there are around 10 — the most productive types.
Mono-cropping has left the three staple crops of the Green Revolution — rice, maize and wheat — vulnerable to plant diseases that cannot be controlled by agrochemicals. It also led to concerns about the permanent loss of valuable genetic traits bred into traditional varieties over thousands of years.
To avoid repeating these mistakes, a second Green Revolution should include more than the staple crops that fed the world from the 1950s to the 1980s, and embrace dryland farming to grow crops such as sorghum, cassava and beans.
And it should harness South-East Asia’s vast upland, rain-fed agricultural areas, not just the irrigated lowlands at the centre of food production decades ago. About 70 per cent of the land area of South-East Asia is rain-fed, and most of its poor people live in these areas.
Harnessing science
Agricultural science and technologies developed over the decades can contribute to the success of a second Green Revolution. The challenge is to increase production using less water, nutrients and land, and with lower environmental impact.
But food security also requires crops that can withstand extreme weather. For example, IRRI has developed a rice variety that can survive two weeks of complete submergence in water, and recently released to farmers in Bangladesh two drought-tolerant rice varieties, BRRI dhan56 and BRRI dhan57. [4]
And ICRISAT has developed and tested innovations in crop, soil and water management that can help farmers better adapt to the impacts of climate change. For example, it has shown that adapting the germplasm of sorghum — the dietary staple of more than 500 million people in rain-fed areas — can help maintain crop yields in warmer temperatures.
Scientific innovations are here to be harnessed to head off the looming ‘perfect storm’. What is needed is the political will — from governments, foundations and international agencies — to jump-start a second, greener Green Revolution in the uplands.

Crispin Maslog is a Manila-based consultant for the Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication. A former journalist, professor and environmental activist, he worked for the Press Foundation of Asia and the International Rice Research Institute.
References
[1] Hayes, A. C. and Zhao, Z. Population prospects in East and Southeast Asia. (East Asia Forum, 2012)
[2] International Service for the Acquistion of Agri-Biotech Applications. Brief 43-2011: Executive Summary. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2011.
[3] Dar, W. D. Weathering the perfect storm. (Disaster Management Times, 2012).
[4] Dobermann, A. Blueprint for a greener revolution. Rice Today 10, 18–21 (2011)

INDIA GEARS UP AS SCIENCE SUPERPOWER

March 23, 2012

INDIA GEARS UP AS SCIENCE SUPERPOWER

Erle Frayne D. Argonza

India is gearing up to become a science superpower. Millions of youth are being urged to take up science careers, and there’s sufficient reason to forecast the success of this expectation.

Federal institutions have already allotted no less than US $8B for science R&D to bring science to the next level. Do note that at this juncture, certain industrial sectors have already matured in their science & technology components, to wit: automotives, metallurgy, chemicals, biotech, nuclear tech, rocketry, castings & forgings, heavy equipment, transport, and more.

Asia already outpaced the West’s technology cutting edge in 2007 yet, thanks to relentless efforts in S&T research & development. India is among the core contributors to the Asian surge in science & technology, just to stress the point a bit.

All power to Indian science!

[Philippines, 13 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/science-and-innovation-policy/features/challenges-facing-india-s-bid-for-science-superpower-status.html
Challenges facing India’s bid for science ‘superpower’ status
Source: Science
27 February 2012
India is well-placed to push ahead with its bid to become a scientific powerhouse — but there are hurdles ahead if the dream is to be fully realised, according to an article published in Science.
During India’s Cold War alliance with the former Soviet Union, Western sanctions forced researchers to grow their own civilian nuclear power industry and space programme.
Following a landmark civilian nuclear deal with the United States in 2008, India shook off its sanction era limitations, and has invested heavily to enable other disciplines to mimic its stellar achievements in rocketry and nuclear science.
Last month Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced that R&D expenditure would nearly triple — from US$3 billion last year to US$8 billion by 2017 — and that the private sector would receive incentives to add to that investment.
The government has also established a National Science and Engineering Research Board, modelled on the US National Science Foundation, which is expected to fund its first competitive grants this year.
But obstacles remain, including the challenge of navigating India’s complex bureaucracy.
“Even the best of intentions can disappear without a trace in the quicksands of officialdom,” says Padmanabhan Balaram, director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.
Many universities have also been slow to benefit from the extra available cash, because of poor facilities, limited opportunities for younger academics, and issues with corruption.
Rather than upgrade India’s universities, the government has — somewhat controversially — chosen to expand the education and research system on an unprecedented scale.
New institutes of scientific education and research have been created, and millions of high school students are to receive one-off grants to encourage them to consider careers in science.
To further boost capacity, the government is also setting up fellowship programmes to persuade Indian graduates not to follow the well-worn path of a stint in an overseas laboratory — and to entice those living abroad to come home.
“There’s a concerted movement to bring people back,” says Savita Ayyar, head of the research development office at the National Centre for Biological Sciences.
“Now we’re able to create an environment and mechanisms for postdocs to stay here.”
And as India’s economy roars, while Western economies struggle, the current trickle of returning scientists could turn into a flood.
Link to full article in Science

KENAF BUILDS BUILDINGS!

March 20, 2012

KENAF BUILDS BUILDINGS!

Erle Frayne D. Argonza

Can plants coming from the cotton species suffice to build buildings?

Here’s one for the great news: kenaf, which belongs to the cotton plant, had successfully been demonstrated to serve as construction material. Mixed with sand and clay, the fibrous plant works wonders for places where it is in abundance.
The appropriate technology has become a wave in Burkina Faso, as it is also used to make paper. As the report below shows, “They developed a kenaf composite material that is cheaper and stronger than ordinary building materials, and provides excellent insulation in the hot climate, as well as blocking out sound.”
Cheap and competitive as a material, the appro-tech can become a wave of the future that will help to solve housing problems across the globe.

[Philippines, 12 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/science-and-innovation-policy/r-d-in-africa/news/kenaf-based-building-material-shows-promise.html
Kenaf-based building material shows promise
Fatouma Sophie Ouattara
28 February 2012
[OUAGADOUGOU, BURKINA FASO] Researchers from Burkina Faso and France have developed a low-cost construction material made of clay and sand mixed with fibres from the kenaf plant.
Kenaf is member of the cotton family, and its fibres are already widely used in Burkina Faso to make bags and ropes, as well as other products typically made from wood, like paper.
Jacob Sanou, of the Farako-Ba research station of Bobo-Dioulasso, in Burkina Faso, says he was inspired to try using kenaf to make building materials by the flax plant, which Europeans have used in a wide range of products including clothing, paper and industrial products.
Sanou joined forces with two specialists in composite materials based in France — Philippe Blanchart, from the National School of Industrial Ceramics at the University of Limoges, and Moussa Gomina, a Burkinabé researcher at the University of Caen.
They developed a kenaf composite material that is cheaper and stronger than ordinary building materials, and provides excellent insulation in the hot climate, as well as blocking out sound.
The team studied kenaf farming practices and found that the plant has no detrimental effect on soil quality, and even without fertiliser, average yields are around four tonnes per hectare, making it a potentially valuable and environmentally sustainable crop.
The work paves the way for rural farming communities to build comfortable, affordable homes for themselves and their families without damaging the environment, Sanou told SciDev.Net.
“Our study suggests that kenaf has good potential as a building material,” he said, adding that more research is needed to determine its commercial viability.
Burkina Faso’s minister in charge of scientific research and innovation, Gnissa Konaté, said the work is of considerable interest to the government, which has recently prioritised the building sector and eco-materials under its latest research policy.
Konaté added that the country’s climate poses challenges for conventional building materials.
“Construction with cement is not adapted to the warm climatic conditions of Burkina Faso,” he said.
“Cement stores heat, so buildings which are made from this material consume more energy due to their reliance on air conditioners. Combining kenaf with local clay was an unexpected success, which the authorities are willing to seize in order to stir up the building sector in Burkina Faso.”
Further laboratory studies will be carried out at the University of Ougadougou and civil engineering colleges, says Sadou.

TRAVAILS OF AFRICAN SCIENCE RESEARCHERS

March 18, 2012

TRAVAILS OF AFRICAN SCIENCE RESEARCHERS

Erle Frayne D. Argonza

Bad news for the development stakeholders!

African science researchers are having a hard time sustaining their professional careers. These are not just ordinary run of the mill researchers or those pretenders out there, but PhD degree holders.

The situation calls for greater linkage between universities and end-users in the noblesse continent. In the Asian experience, end users (notably industry users) provide huge endowment funds, research funds and scholarships to universities, such as my country the Philippines has shown so far; in return, end users absorb the top-of-the-line graduates of top universities.

I guess it’s a question of the level of institutionalization of science in any one context that defines the degree of professional security of its career scientists. Africa’s sciences are still in their take-off through growth stages, while those of emerging markets’ are already in their maturity phase.

Let’s hope for the best in the coming maturation of science in Africa. It may take a bit of time, but good examples are already popping up in key urban centers across the continent.

[Philippines, 11 March 2012]

Source: http://www.scidev.net/en/science-and-innovation-policy/education/news/african-researchers-struggle-to-establish-careers.html
African researchers ‘struggle’ to establish careers
Mićo Tatalović
28 February 2012
[LONDON] African universities need to better support early career researchers if they are to build a thriving research environment and boost the continent’s overall number of PhD-qualified staff, according to a joint report by the British Academy and the Association of Commonwealth Universities launched yesterday (27 February).
Many African science graduates struggle to establish careers after leaving university as they do not receive enough assistance to define their research agendas and develop professionally, says the report, Foundations for the Future: Supporting the Early Careers of African Researchers.
Instead, post-doctorate graduates working as ‘junior lecturers’ in African universities are often overloaded with teaching and administrative duties, and have to pursue research and writing academic papers in their spare time.
To counter this, the report urges senior academics to encourage research by younger colleagues and to mentor them on collaborations, publishing and preparing funding applications.
It is essential that science be recognised as an “intergenerational endeavour”, the report’s author, Jonathan Harle, told SciDev.Net:
“One thing which is absolutely critical is … trying to find ways in which senior academics can be encouraged, enabled and incentivised to nurture [the early career researchers],” he said.
The report builds on the Nairobi Process, a series of actions and initiatives developed to improve UK-Africa research collaborations in the humanities and social sciences, which is being coordinated by the British Academy and the ACU.
Its recommendations are the product of consultations with African and British academics across a wide range of fields, said Graham Furniss, chair of the British Academy’s Africa Panel.
“The analysis and the mechanisms proposed are, we think, very relevant to STEM [science, technology, engineering and medicine] subjects and we would welcome further discussion on how the UK could strengthen support across the board to early career scholars,” he said.
Marta Tufet, International Activities Adviser at the Wellcome Trust, called for the active involvement of vice chancellors and rectors in the creation of better mentoring programmes in Africa.
She warned that without the support of university leaders to enable researchers to carry out their own work, little progress could be expected.
Kenyan Chege Githiora, from the African Studies Centre at the School of Oriental and African Studies, United Kingdom, welcomed the report but told SciDev.Net that capacity-building of university administrators and librarians is equally important.
“These are the people who actually keep the universities running so if you don’t have their support you cannot do your research,” Githiora said. “My experience with [African universities] is that a lot of hindrances young African scholars encounter have to do with university administration and governance.”