Posted tagged ‘end of history’

KOSOVO, BALKAN STATES: MODELING FUTURE POST-WESTPHALIAN MINI-STATES

June 30, 2008

Erle Frayne Argonza

When Kenichi Ohmae released his writings about the rise of region-states, my curious, quite naughty mind nurtured the irresistible query about what Ohmae had at the back of his mind. Ohmae is among the coterie of contemporary Japanese intellectuals that include Francis Fukuyama and William Oichi. These intellectuals are no charlatans, and they belong to a new breed of Japanese who are more Western and globalist in orientation than their forebears.

 

While my esteem for these gentlemen is beyond doubt, their globalist orientation makes them suspect as Pied Pipers of the nascent global oligarchy (financial cartels, magnates, tycoons, taipans). When they cogitated about the ‘end of history’ (Fukuyama) in a new context of ‘region states’ (Ohmae) where institutional arrangements will be markedly ‘theory z’ (Ouichi), they were consciously or unconsciously prognosticating a new order of things.

 

At the turn of the century, that order of things had begun to show a very determinative shape: a globalized world where nation-states’ very existence are threatened. Nation-states’ interests are anathema to those of the oligarchs’, and as already proved by experiences that date back to the Greek city-states, oligarchs will do everything to subordinate polities, from city-states to nations.

 

Nation-states’ interests are opposed to oligarchs’. History had shaped nations in fact as a process of overthrowing gentry oligarchs in the medieval era and keeping the potencies of rising merchants and financiers in check. Now that the oligarchy had rebounded by many folds from its ancient ruinations, catastrophes from which lessons were clearly learned, it (oligarchy) will work out determinately to destroy nations.

 

Globalization is simply but the starting phase of a long process to create a Post-Westpahalian ‘new world order’ dominated by and advancing the very interests of gigantic corporate trusts and oligarchic families. The process hasn’t clearly ended yet, not bottomed out yet. Necessarily, the nation-states will react to the process and will not allow their ruination as a matter of self-preservation. But the process will go on, and nations will be wrecked one after the other through ceaseless wars, economic collapse, genocides through natural and unnatural means, and fragmentation.

 

Fragmentation is among the political-economic offshoots of globalization. And if there is any model of fragmentation worth noting today (from the perspective of the global elites), it is the Balkan states. Croatia, Bosnia, and so on, till lately we have Kosovo, were born from out of the planning boards of the oligarchs and their subaltern politicians and technocrats.

 

Just by continuously drum-beating the ‘polarity game’, by creating new polities comprising of ‘oil and water’ unmixable social categories (e.g. unmixable ethnicities), future conflicts and wars are anticipated. This is part of the game plan. Kosovo was the latest experiment for this, and one should not be surprised at all about the latest version of a charter that does not at all reflect the consensual traditions of the ethnic groups in the area.

 

The British Empire, which is the organizational cloth of the British oligarchy represented by the royalty, and which is non-extinct but alive in the form of the commonwealth, had already experimented on the ‘polarity game’ of mixing unmixable ethnicities before. The potential and perpetual conflicts that will characterize such states will weaken the same state and eventually fragment it, till it can be taken over back by the oligarchy “on a silver platter.”

 

But the game plan today has another shape coming: the final eradication of nations and the formation of more manageable regions and city-states. Kosovo is right at the doorstep of mainstream Europe, and once the European Union becomes completely unified, with a totalitarian police state to enforce treaties and centralized fiats, the central government could always use the Kosovo-Balkan instance to re-design Europe into a Post-Westphalian order comprising of dozens of regions, each region with almost equal population and geographical area.

 

Since many potential regions in Europe are almost of mono-ethnic composition, save for certain big cities that are multi-cultural, the game plan requires breaking down that mono-ethnicity. The strategy for this is no other than migration: entice ‘third world’ and Eastern European laborers and professionals to immigrate to Europe, and if possible fix quotas to large quantities so that, within a two-decade period, there will be large numbers of migrants of relatively unmixable ethnicities.

 

Islam particularly serves the interests of the oligarchy excellently. Muslims of diverse ethnicities have histories of ethnic-tribal conflicts and sectarian antagonisms. If among themselves they could hardly see each other eye-to-eye, then Muslims would be perfect ‘guinea pigs’ for potential and actual conflicts in Europe. Many immigrants, even long after migrating to Europe, do not at all integrate with the mainstream culture, to the chagrin of middle class/urban Europeans.

 

As I already noted in some other write ups, the potential ethnic conflicts inside Europe will facilitate the institution of draconian measures to clamp down on restive peoples and install a police state. Upon the installation of a police state and the oiling of the continental military machinery for conflagrations, the next step would be to balkanize Europe directly by replacing nations with region-states and city-states.

 

The eradication of nations in fact is already on the drawing board of the oligarchy for the entire planet. The bombing of Iran is already in final planning stage, and once undertaken, could trigger a conflagration that will eventually have semblance with the 30 Years War of antiquity than with any of the 20th century world wars. The catastrophe following thereof could justify the re-drawing of territories into smaller, more manageable ones.

 

The temporary march of Europe towards the totalitarian Post-Westphalian order could only be that: temporary. It is now up to Europeans to assert their collective dissent and initiative, and re-assert the power of nations over the Union. The world is watching, and nations watch with anxiety as predatory forces are being unleashed that will see the catastrophic end of nation-states. Let us hope that the Europeans can show their collective will to stop the madness unfolding in their backyard.

 

If indeed Europe will fall, and likewise North America replicates the same scheme, then the North-South dialogue will end so drastically. As to how the end-phase of the dialogue will be reshaped thereafter is everybody’s guess. Nobody can ever claim expertise over a planet that is burning in Nero’s infernal fires.

 

[Writ 25 June 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila]

BUILD STRONG NATIONS AMID GLOBALIZATION

April 28, 2008

Erle Frayne D. Argonza

 

[Writ 22 March 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila]

 

In my meaty article on New Nationalism, I advanced fourteen (14) contentions in substantiation of what neo-nationalism is.

 

The first basic contention is that the nation-state can thrive and grow amid globalization. In other words, globalization shouldn’t lead to the destruction of nation-states. The trend since the start of massive implementation of liberal reforms leading to global integration of markets has been, in fact, the destruction of nation-states. This trend has to be stopped now.

 

There is really no reason to destroy the nations just so that our global community can be integrated. In the Philippine experience, nationalism has been a positive, progressive force that had united close to 100 ethno-linguistic communities. The Philippine nation had just lately crystallized, with a national identity now in shape though in moderate level, a phenomenon that took over 200 years to build.

 

There is no way that we can allow the massive destruction of nations today just in order to whet the appetites of the global oligarchy and their transnational corporations or TNCs for control over the world’s resources and labor. The conservation of nations must be a pre-requisite to building the ‘peace condition’ nationally and globally, guided by the principle of ‘dialogue of civilizations’.

 

On the other hand, amid the failings of globalization, we simply cannot go back to the past and destroy the integration efforts altogether. We can still move on towards a more progressive globalization that serves the interests of nations rather than the global oligarchy. Nations can derive benefits from integrated markets, we can’t overstress the risk-side of globalization at the expense of the benefit-side.

 

Somewhere along the line, the striving for stronger nations must cohere with the collective efforts for integrated markets. Later on, nations would compose an integrated political entity, the global state with its own global institutions.

 

Below is the excerpt from the New Nationalism article regarding the nation-state.

 

Strong nation can thrive & grow amid globalization.

 

The nation can continue to exist, even become strengthened, while it sails deep into the middle of the ocean of globalization. The two are not necessarily contradictory. Nationhood can continuously be pursued, patriotism can move ahead while paddling astride the powerful waves of globalization. For as earlier stated, globalization holds the promise of growth through the vast opportunities it has opened. Nations must strive to concur cooperation with other nations to extend the scope and limits of the opportunities, while at the same time build internal opportunities to further optimize inducements for investments.

 

Just recently, our entrepreneurs and professionals made waves through the international awards they respectively received, such as Tan Caktiong (top entrepreneur) and F. Palafox (the only ASEAN architect to make it to the world’s Top 200 architects), signifying the high level of competitiveness our compatriots are capable of achieving. Such sterling achievements surely inspire us to continue to strengthen nationhood and to forge new areas of cooperation and growth-inducing endeavors. While forces exist that work to tear the nation asunder, forces are likewise growing that lead to the nation’s strengthening. We should all work hard to make sure that the latter forces prevail, while neutralizing and diminishing the potencies of those forces that destroy nationhood.